刘成良.“指标困局”:农村贫困治理的实践与反思[J].,2019,(5):37-44
“指标困局”:农村贫困治理的实践与反思
“Index Predicament”:the Practice and Reflection on Rural Poverty Governance
投稿时间:2019-05-08  
DOI:
中文关键词:  精准识别  技术治理  国家治理  基层治理
英文关键词:targeted poverty alleviation  targeting identify  technical governance  state governance  grassroots governance
基金项目:教育部人文社会科学研究青年项目(19YJC840056)
作者单位
刘成良 苏州大学 政治与公共管理学院 
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中文摘要:
      在国家的扶贫实践中,地方政府的行为策略是影响扶贫绩效的关键变量。通过对精准扶贫政策实践的调研发现,中央政府不断升级的治理手段为重构央地关系创造了条件,地方政府对国家扶贫理念转型认知的偏差以及在形成路径依赖之后的策略行为不仅容易产生对总体局势的误判,还为后期的政策困局埋下了伏笔。在此背景下,地方扶贫工作遭遇“指标困局”,即地方政府很难实事求是去识别贫困户,只能在既有的指标约束下进行精准识别,扶贫工作陷入了反复识别,却仍难实现精准的怪圈。
英文摘要:
      In the poverty alleviation practice, the local government’s behavioral strategy is a key variable affecting performance. Investigation on the practice of precision poverty alleviation policy found that the central government’s escalating governance means create conditions for re establishing the relationship between central and local governments. The local government’s deviation from the national poverty alleviation concept and the strategic behavior after the formation of path dependence are not only easy to produce. The misjudgment of the overall situation has also laid the groundwork for the later policy difficulties. In this context, local poverty alleviation work encounters “index predicament”, that is, local governments have difficulty in identifying the poor households, but only identify them under the constraints of existing indicators. The poverty alleviation work has been caught in a vicious circle of repeated identification and it’s still difficult to realize precision.
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