张林,邹迎香.中国农村相对贫困及其治理问题研究进展[J].,2021,(6):1-14
中国农村相对贫困及其治理问题研究进展
Advance in Relative Poverty and Its Governance in China
投稿时间:2021-04-11  
DOI:
中文关键词:  相对贫困  绝对贫困  乡村振兴  治理机制
英文关键词:relative poverty  absolute poverty  rural revitalization  governance mechanism
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目(21ZDA062);国家社会科学基金重点项目(20AZD080);中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金重点项目(SWU2009215)
作者单位
张林 西南大学 普惠金融与农业农村发展研究中心经济管理学院 
邹迎香 西南大学 经济管理学院 
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中文摘要:
      如何有效缓解相对贫困问题是后扶贫时代工作的重点和难点。农村相对贫困的发生是多种因素共同作用的结果,其形成机理和影响因素更为复杂和多元,其中以个人发展能力不足为主的内因起决定性作用,外部环境通过内因加重贫困发生概率。在后扶贫时代,治理农村相对贫困问题可以从全局出发选择包容性经济增长、人力资本投资和社会保障的三支柱治理策略,构建一套稳定、有效、可持续的新型综合扶贫治理体系和一套具有动态性、可调整性的长效治理机制,并从益贫性产业发展、创业就业扶持体系建设、扶志扶智相结合、强化财政金融协同扶贫、促进城乡公共服务均等化、完善多层次社会保障体系等多个方面精准施策。
英文摘要:
      How to alleviate relative poverty effectively is the focus and difficult problem in the post era poverty alleviation. Relative poverty is the result of the joint action of various factors, and its formation mechanism and influencing factors are complex and diversified; among which the internal cause, mainly the lack of personal development ability, plays a decisive role; and the external environment aggravates the probability of poverty through the internal cause. In the post era of poverty alleviation, we can choose the three pillar governance strategy inclusive economic growth, human capital investment and social security, from an overall perspective, and build a stable, effective and sustainable new comprehensive system for poverty alleviation and a set of dynamic, adjustable long term governance mechanism, and we will take targeted measures to promote the development of industries that benefit the poor, build a support system for entrepreneurship and employment, combine aspiration and wisdom, strengthen the coordination of fiscal and financial efforts in poverty alleviation, promote equal access to public services in urban and rural areas, and improve the multi tiered social security system.
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