冷波.行政引领自治:农村人居环境治理的实践与机制[J].,2021,(6):15-22
行政引领自治:农村人居环境治理的实践与机制
Administration Led Autonomy: Practice and Mechanism of Rural Human Settlement Environment Governance
投稿时间:2021-07-04  
DOI:
中文关键词:  农村人居环境  村民自治  村落理事会  软治理
英文关键词:governance of rural human settlement environment  villagers’ autonomy  village council  soft governance
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目(20&ZD149)
作者单位
冷波 中南大学 社会学系 
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中文摘要:
      农村人居环境治理是实施乡村振兴战略的重要任务。湖北省梅村采取了“行政引领自治”模式,其核心是设置村落理事会激活村民自治,在组织框架内树立农民的主体地位。在实际的运行过程中,通过建构思想引导与民主协商机制、精英吸纳与带动示范机制、知识融合与因地制宜机制以及自主服务与社会规制机制,将国家的“硬规则”以柔性方式导入农民生活实践,取得了良好的农村人居环境治理效果。这表明,农村人居环境治理要尊重农民生活实践,通过赋予基层组织一定的自治权,引导和组织农民自主建设美丽家园。
英文摘要:
      At present, the governance of rural human settlement is an important task for implementing the strategy of rural revitalization. Mei Village of Hubei Province has adopted the “administration led autonomy” mode, the core of which is to set up a village council to activate villagers’ autonomy and establish the main status of farmers within the organizational framework. In the actual operation process, through ideological guidance and democratic consultation construction mechanism, elite absorption and driving demonstration mechanism, knowledge integration and principles of adaptation to local conditions, and independent service and social regulation mechanism, the country’s “hard rules” were introduced into farmers’ life practices in a flexible manner, and a good effect of governance of the rural human settlement environment has been achieved. This shows that the governance of rural human settlement should respect farmers’ living practices, and guide and organize farmers to build beautiful homes independently by giving grass roots organizations certain autonomy.
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