杨康,李放.自主治理:农村互助养老发展的模式选择[J].,2021,(6):56-64
自主治理:农村互助养老发展的模式选择
Self Governance: Model Choice for Rural Mutual Aid of Aged Development
投稿时间:2021-06-22  
DOI:
中文关键词:  人口老龄化  自主治理  农村互助养老  社会保障  村庄本位
英文关键词:aging of population  self governance  rural mutual aid for the aged  social security  village oriented
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目(17ZDA076);国家自然科学基金项目(71974099);江苏省社会科学基金重点项目(20ZLA011)
作者单位
杨康 南京农业大学 公共管理学院绵阳师范学院 人事处 
李放 南京农业大学 公共管理学院 
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中文摘要:
      从“村庄本位”角度提出农村互助养老发展关键在于自主治理。美国“村庄”互助养老的本质特征就是“老年群体本位”自主治理,其通过“在地化养老”目标统领、自主组织引领、适应性规则供给、以老年人为基础的资源供给、全过程监督等保证互助养老福利的合作生产与有效供给。深化中国农村互助养老自主治理,需要树立人本主义与合作生产理念,建构以自治基础的合作治理体制,培育自主组织引领的参与式治理方式,完善资源保障、制度供给与多元互助的长效治理机制,从而形成内外协同、上下互动的“发展术”,保障农村互助养老发展的持续性与有效性。
英文摘要:
      This paper holds that the key to the development of rural mutual aid for the aged lies in self governance from the perspective of “village oriented”. The essential characteristic of American “village” mutual aid for the aged is the “elderly oriented” self governance, and it promotes the co production and effective supply of mutual aid pension welfare. The effective realization of “village” self governance depend on the goal command of “ageing in place”, leading self organization, supply of adaptive rules, supply of resources based on the elderly and supervision of the whole process. To deepen the self governance of china’s rural mutual aid for the aged, it is necessary to establish the concept of humanism and co production, construct a cooperation governance system based on autonomy, cultivate participatory governance method led by self organization and refine the long term governance mechanism from resource security, system supply and multi assistance, so as to construct “internal and external coordination” and “up down interaction” of “development technology”,and solve the development problem of China’s rural mutual aid for the aged.
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