赵晓峰,刘子扬.“非粮化”还是“趋粮化”:农地经营基本趋势辨析[J].,2021,(6):78-87
“非粮化”还是“趋粮化”:农地经营基本趋势辨析
“Non Grain” or “Grain Oriented”: An Analysis of Trend of Farmland Management
投稿时间:2021-06-10  
DOI:
中文关键词:  农地经营模式  “非粮化”  “趋粮化”  种植行为
英文关键词:farmland management model  “Non grain”  “Grain oriented”  planting behavior
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重点项目(20ASH010)
作者单位
赵晓峰 西北农林科技大学 人文社会发展学院 
刘子扬 西北农林科技大学 陕西省乡村治理与社会建设协同创新研究中心 
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中文摘要:
      “非粮化”与“趋粮化”是农业农村现代化进程中农地经营的两大趋势。在种植粮食作物或经济作物的博弈中,各经营主体的资源禀赋、竞争能力及其收益差异,决定了经营模式的二元格局。较高的比较收益和绝对收益,是种植经济作物、形成“非粮化”的内在逻辑;节本增效、提升规模收益,则是“趋粮化”的主要逻辑。此外,国家土地政策、农业机械化水平、社会化服务体系、农民家庭生计模式等多重因素,共同影响种植行为的决策机制。“非粮化”抑或“趋粮化”,是各经营主体基于“经济理性”和“生存理性”的综合考虑做出的理性选择。
英文摘要:
      “Non grain” and “grain oriented” are two major trends in farmland management in the process of agricultural and rural modernization. In the game of planting food crops or cash crops, the resource endowment, competitiveness and income differences of various business entities determine the dual structure of the business model. Higher comparative returns and absolute returns are the inherent logic of growing cash crops and forming “non grain”. Saving costs and increasing efficiency and increasing returns on scale are the main logic of “grain oriented”. In addition, multiple factors such as the national land policy, the level of agricultural mechanization, the socialized service system, and the farm household livelihood patterns all affect the decision making mechanism of planting behavior. “Non grain” or “grain oriented” is a rational choice made by various business entities based on the comprehensive consideration of “economic rationality” and “survival rationality”.
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