刘一明.农业水价激励结构对农户节水认知与行为背离的影响[J].,2021,(6):88-97
农业水价激励结构对农户节水认知与行为背离的影响
Impact of Agricultural Water Price Incentive Structures on the Deviation between Farmers’ Water Saving Cognition and Behavior
投稿时间:2021-08-12  
DOI:
中文关键词:  水资源  农业水价  激励结构  节水行为  节水认知
英文关键词:water resources  agricultural water price policy  incentive structure  water saving behavior  water saving cognition
基金项目:广东省普通高校特色创新类项目(2017WTSCX010);广州市哲学社会科学发展“十三五”规划2020年度共建课题(2020GZGJ72)
作者单位
刘一明 华南农业大学 经济管理学院 
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中文摘要:
      基于广东省流溪河流域种植户的问卷调查数据,分别建立二元和多元Logistic 模型分析农业水价激励结构对农户节水认知与节水行为背离的影响。研究发现:整体来看,农业水价激励结构对农户节水认知与节水行为的背离有显著的抑制作用;从农户节水认知与节水行为的不同背离方式来看,农业水价激励结构对农户节水行为的背离及农户节水认知与行为的强一致具有显著的促进作用,但对农户节水认知的背离具有显著的抑制作用。研究结果表明,农业水价激励结构的激励强度越大,对农户采取节水行为的激励越大,但对弱一致农户的节水认知影响有限。因此,需要进一步完善农业水价激励结构,提高其激励强度,并加强农业水价政策宣传,提高农户的节水认知,从而激励更多农户节约用水。
英文摘要:
      Based on the survey of farmers in Liuxihe River Basin of Guangdong Province, a binary and multinomial logistic model were established to explore the impact of agricultural water price incentive structures on the deviation between farmers’ water saving cognition and behavior. The results showed that: (1) agricultural water price incentive structures had significant negative impact on the deviation between farmers’ water saving cognition and behavior; (2) from the perspective of different deviation types of farmers’ water saving cognition and behavior, agricultural water price incentive structures had a significant positive impact on farmers’ behavioral deviation and strong consistency between farmers’ cognition and behavior, but had a negative impact on farmers’ cognition deviation. The results indicated that the more forceful the incentive intensity of agricultural water price incentive structures, the more encouraged the farmers would be to adopt water saving behavior, however, this had a limited impact on the cognition of farmers with a weak consistency between farmers’ cognition and behavior. Therefore, the agricultural water price incentive structures should be improved to increase their incentive intensity to encourage farmers to save irrigation water resources. Meanwhile, the water pricing policy should be strengthened to disseminate to improve farmers’ cognition of water saving.
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