李丹阳,张等文.驻村干部和村两委的协同治理[J].,2021,(6):98-107
驻村干部和村两委的协同治理
Collaborative Governance of Village Resident Cadres and Village Party Branch and Village Committee
投稿时间:2021-07-31  
DOI:
中文关键词:  双轨并行  驻村干部  村两委  协同治理  乡村振兴
英文关键词:dual track parallel  the village resident cadres  the village party branch and village committee  collaborative governance  rural revitalization
基金项目:国家社会科学基金一般项目(19BZZ101)
作者单位
李丹阳 东北师范大学 政法学院 
张等文 东北师范大学 政法学院 
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中文摘要:
      驻村帮扶是我国脱贫攻坚实践中党和政府采取精英下沉方式主动介入乡村以改善村庄治理现状的重要制度安排。通过选派优秀干部嵌入乡村治理,驻村干部作为行政嵌入型治理力量构成国家重塑乡村治理秩序的重要手段,与乡村自治型的村两委形成分别代表国家正式权力和基层自治力量的“双轨并行”治理格局。作为对当前中国极具特色的驻村帮扶实践的经验总结,“双轨并行”治理格局使运行于外力轨道的驻村干部和内力轨道的村两委在村治场域内发挥着不可替代的独特作用,共同形塑乡村协同治理的组织培育、争资跑项、文化建设、调解纠纷等实践样态,其生成机理与组织结构嵌套、产业资源竞合、文化价值建构、角色主体互动等因素密切相关,对提升乡村治理效能具有重要意义。
英文摘要:
      Village assistance is an important institutional arrangement for the Party and the government to take the elite sinking way to actively intervene in the countryside to improve the current situation of village governance in the practice of poverty alleviation in China. Through the selection of excellent cadres to embed rural governance, the village resident cadres as an administrative embedded governance force, constitute an important means for the state to reshape the order of rural governance, and form a “dual track parallel” governance pattern with the village party branch and village committee representing the formal power of the state and the grassroots autonomous power. As an experience summary of the current practice of village based assistance with unique characteristics in China, the “dual track parallel” governance pattern makes the village resident cadres operating in the external force track and the village party branch and village committee operating in the internal force track play an irreplaceable and unique role in the field of village governance, and jointly shape the practice patterns of rural collaborative governance such as organizational cultivation, capital competition, cultural construction and dispute mediation. Its formation mechanism is closely related to factors such as nested organizational structure, competition and cooperation of industrial resources, cultural value construction and interaction of role subjects, which is of great significance to improve the efficiency of rural governance.
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