冯川.县域治理体系刚性化与乡镇自主性[J].,2021,(6):119-130
县域治理体系刚性化与乡镇自主性
Rigidization of County Governance System and Autonomy of Town Government
投稿时间:2021-07-20  
DOI:
中文关键词:  基层治理  县域治理  治理体系  刚性化  自主性
英文关键词:grassroots governance  county governance  governance system  rigidization  autonomy
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目(18CZZ037)
作者单位
冯川 武汉大学 政治与公共管理学院 
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中文摘要:
      县级政府对乡镇的约束性与乡镇自主性的矛盾关系,是国家与社会关系在基层治理领域的投射。近年来中央政府将基层治理纳入规范化制度框架的治理意图更为急切,县域治理体系的刚性化特征愈加明显 。尽管刚性化的县域治理体系导致乡镇“约束型自主”的丧失,却再生产出乡镇的“依附性自主”,即乡镇以对县级政府的依附性本身为平台,通过对乡镇干部的高强度动员、对政策的深度解读以及对小概率事件的广泛预防而开辟出新的自主空间。而高强度动员的不可持续、 对上依赖强化治理悬浮、预防性治理诱致治理内卷,构成乡镇“依附性自主”不可忽视的治理风险。
英文摘要:
      The contradictory relationship between the restraint of the county government on the township and the autonomy of the township is a projection of the relationship between the state and society in the field of grassroots governance. In recent years, the central government has been eager to incorporate grassroots governance into the framework of a standardized system. The rigidity feature of county governance systems has become more obvious, and township governments have completely lost their independent choice of policy implementation. The rigidized county governance system resulted in the loss of the “constrained autonomy” of the township, but regenerated the “dependence autonomy” of the township, that is, the township government uses its dependence on the county level government as a platform to open up a new space for autonomy through high intensity mobilization of township cadres, in depth interpretation of policies, and extensive prevention of low probability events. The unsustainable of high intensity mobilization, the strengthening of the control suspension according to local conditions, and the involution of governance caused by extensive prevention, constitute the governance risk that cannot be ignored in the “dependence autonomy” of the township government.
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