李俏,孙泽南.合作社养老的实践形态与发展路向[J].,2022,(3):59-68
合作社养老的实践形态与发展路向
Cooperative Eldercare: Practice Form and Development Trend
  
DOI:10.7671/j.issn.1672-0202.2022.03.006
中文关键词:  乡村振兴  合作社养老  社会保障  互助养老
英文关键词:Rural vitalization  cooperative eldercare  social insurance  mutual support eldercare
基金项目:国家社会科学基金一般项目(21BSH163)
作者单位
李俏 江南大学 法学院,江苏 无锡 214122 
孙泽南 江苏大学 管理学院,江苏 镇江 212013 
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中文摘要:
      合作社不仅是一个互助经济组织,也是一个社会服务组织,当前已通过土地置换、文化创新、资金互助和劳动自养等方式融入农村养老供给的具体实践,并在提高经济收益、推动农村社区营造和增进老人福祉方面发挥了积极效应。土地改革的推进、城乡居民医疗保险的推广以及互助养老运营补助的激励,为合作社养老的运行提供了制度条件,而合作社养老所具有的自主吸纳和灵活适应特点也助推其成为“接地气”的互助养老形式。然而,合作社养老在实践中还存在受益覆盖面较窄、服务水平不高、可持续动力不强等瓶颈问题,在未来的发展过程中应抓住乡村振兴的发展机遇,在城乡融合、产业融合、服务融合、市场融合四个方面进行突围。
英文摘要:
      Cooperatives are a mutual aid economic organization, and a social service organization as well. Through land replacement, cultural innovation, mutual funding assistance, and labor self-reliance, cooperatives have involved in the specific practice of rural eldercare supply, and have played a positive role in improving economic efficiency, promoting rural community renaissance and enhancing the welfare for the elderly. The advancement of land reform, the implementation of medical insurance for urban and rural residents and the incentives for mutual aid operation subsidies have provided the institutional conditions for cooperatives to get involved in rural eldercare services. Moreover, the characteristics of multi-support and flexible adaptation have also made it become the down-to-earth form of mutual support practice. However, there are still bottlenecks in the practice, such as narrow benefit coverage, low service level, and low sustainable motivation. In this regard, the cooperatives should seize the development opportunities of rural vitalization and make breakthroughs in four areas for future development, including urban-rural integration, industrial integration, service integration, and market integration.
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