金江峰.调控型政权:乡镇运作及其治理实践[J].,2022,(3):115-126
调控型政权:乡镇运作及其治理实践
Regulatory Regime:Operation of Township and Governance Practice
  
DOI:10.7671/j.issn.1672-0202.2022.03.010
中文关键词:  乡镇政权  治理压力  分类治理  基层治理体制改革
英文关键词:township government  managing stress  classified governance  reform of the grass-roots governance system
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目(19ZDA114)
作者单位
金江峰 华中师范大学 中国农村研究院/政治科学高等研究院,湖北 武汉 430079 
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中文摘要:
      乡镇运作逻辑及其政权属性是镇域治理研究的基础性问题。当前乡镇运作主要受体制规制、 社会监管与资源紧缺三重压力挤压,镇域治理事务性压力突显,促使乡镇政权采取压力调节与控制策略,推动不同公共事务的清单式管理、常态化监管、动态化防控与运动式治理,乡镇治理呈现“调控主义”逻辑。乡镇政权对压力结构的分解重组、治理事务的分类和治理资源的调配,表明其具有相对自主性与能动性的“调控型”政权性质。乡镇政权的内部调控策略,容易带来乡镇的“治理内部化”发展,限制乡镇政权治理能力的提升。基于此,基层治理体制改革需给予乡镇政权向外扩展治理资源、培育治理力量的空间与财力,建立符合镇域治理现实的“权威的统合治理”秩序,真正推动基层协商共治与简约治理。
英文摘要:
      The operation logic of township and its regime attribute are the basic problems in the study of political theory of town governance. The current township operation is mainly squeezed by the triple pressure of system regulation, social supervision and resource shortage, and the transactional pressure of towns governance is prominent, to urge the township government to adopt pressure regulation and control strategy to promote different public affairs inventory management, normal supervision, dynamic prevention and control and movement-type governance, the governance of township presents the logic of “regulationism”. The decomposition and reorganization of the pressure structure, the classification of governance affairs and the allocation of governance resources of the township government show that it is a relatively autonomous and dynamic “regulatory”regime. However, the internal control strategy of the township government can easily lead to the development of “Governance internalization”of the township government, which limits the improvement of the township government’s governance ability. In view of this, the reform of the governance system at the grass-roots level is required to give the township governments the space and financial resources to expand the governance resources and cultivate the governance power, and to establish an “integrated governance of authority”order in line with the reality of town governance, truly promote the grass-roots consultative co-governance and simple governance.
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