冯献,李瑾.乡村治理现代化水平评价[J].,2022,(3):127-140
乡村治理现代化水平评价
An Evaluation of Rural Governance Modernization Level
  
DOI:10.7671/j.issn.1672-0202.2022.03.011
中文关键词:  乡村治理  乡村治理现代化  农村现代化  评价指标体系  乡村振兴
英文关键词:rural governance  rural governance modernization  rural modernization  evaluation index system  rural vitalization
基金项目:国家社会科学基金一般项目(20CTQ006)
作者单位
冯献 北京市农林科学院 信息技术研究中心,北京 100097 国家农业信息化工程技术研究中心,北京 100097 
李瑾 北京市农林科学院 信息技术研究中心,北京 100097 国家农业信息化工程技术研究中心,北京 100097 
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中文摘要:
      乡村治理现代化是国家治理现代化的重要内容,构建科学的乡村治理现代化评价体系并对不同类型村庄进行评价比较分析,可为各地合理规划乡村治理现代化分类推进路径提供理论参考。基于综合评价指标体系法,构建了包含基础能力支撑现代化、公共服务治理现代化、公共事务治理现代化、公共安全治理现代化以及公共环境治理现代化 5个评估维度,36个具体指标的乡村治理现代化评价体系,并以 21个典型村庄为例进行了评价比较。研究结果显示,其中 12个典型村庄基本实现治理现代化,其余均处于发展阶段。分指标看,环境治理现代化与公共安全治理现代化处于较高水平,而公共服务治理现代化水平是乡村治理现代化最突出的短板,基础能力支撑现代化与公共事务治理现代化水平相当;分村庄类型看,城郊融合类与特色保护类村庄治理短板在于公共服务治理现代化,集聚提升类与拆迁撤并类村庄短板在于基础能力支撑现代化,各地未来在推进乡村治理现代化进程中需发挥优势补齐短板精准发力。
英文摘要:
      Rural governance modernization is an important part of national governance modernization and to set up a scientific evaluation system of rural governance modernization while comparing the evaluations of different types of villages can provide theoretical guidance for the reasonable planning of classified promotion path in rural governance modernization. Based on the comprehensive evaluation index system method, this paper constructed a rural governance modernization evaluation system with five dimensions of evaluation index, including basic capacity support modernization, public service governance modernization, public affairs governance modernization, public security governance modernization and environmental governance modernization, and 36 specific indicators. Taking 21 typical villages as examples, the evaluation index system was applied in a pilot basis. Results show that 12 typical villages have basically realized the modernization of governance, and the rest are in the development stage. In terms of sub indicators, the modernization of environmental governance and public security governance are at a high level, while the modernization of public service governance is the most prominent short board in rural governance, and the modernization of basic capacity support is equivalent to the modernization of public affairs governance. According to the evaluation of different types villages, the governance weaknesses of suburban integration villages and characteristic protection villages lie in public service governance, and the governance weaknesses of agglomeration promotion villages and demolition-merger villages lie in the support of basic capacity. In the future, all localities should make precise efforts in combination with their own advantages in promoting the modernization of rural governance.
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