罗竖元,黄萍.社会网络对农民工返乡创业绩效的影响[J].,2022,(4):57-66
社会网络对农民工返乡创业绩效的影响
Influence of Social Network on Returned Entrepreneurial Performance of Migrant Workers
  
DOI:10.7671/j.issn.1672-0202.2022.04.006
中文关键词:  农民工  返乡创业  创业绩效  社会网络  乡村振兴
英文关键词:migrant workers  return home to start a business  entrepreneurial performance  social networks  rural revitalization
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目 (20BSH078)
作者单位
罗竖元 贵州师范大学 1.历史与政治学院 贵州省马克思主义中国化“两个结合”的地方实践推动高端智库,贵州 贵阳 550001 
黄萍 贵州师范大学 1.历史与政治学院 
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中文摘要:
      实证分析发现,由于社会网络“趋同性选择”的制约以及返乡后自致性社会网络的“断裂”与 “失灵”,返乡农民工在创业生存性阶段主要依赖于先赋性社会网络,但随着其返乡创业由生存性阶段向成长性阶段的转变,先赋性社会网络的作用随市场化程度的提高而减弱逐渐,而自致性社会网络的作用逐渐显现并呈增强的趋势。同时发现,返乡创业农民工的社会网络能力对先赋性社会网络的生存性创业绩效与自致性社会网络的成长性创业绩效的提升效应具有显著促进作用。因此,乡村振兴背景下返乡创业农民工在创业实践中应充分调动其社会网络的经营与开发能力,在维护业已建立的先赋性社会网络的同时不断构建与拓展自致性社会网络,从而提升返乡创业绩效,促进农业农村高质量发展。
英文摘要:
      Empirical analysis finds that, due to the constraints of social network’s “Convergence selection” and the “breakage” and “ineffectiveness” of acquired social network after returning home, rural migrant workers mainly rely on the ascription social network in the entrepreneurial survival stage, however, when transferred to the growth stage, the role of the ascription social network gradually weakened while marketization increased. And the role of acquired social network gradually appears and tends to be enhanced. It is also found that the social network capability of returning migrant workers to start a business has a significant promoting effect on the survival entrepreneurial performance of the ascription social network and the growth entrepreneurial performance of the acquired social network. Therefore, rural migrant workers returning to their hometowns will fully mobilize their social network management and development capabilities in their entrepreneurial practice, and continue to build and expand self-induced social networks while maintaining the established social networks that have been established, thereby enhancing the entrepreneurial performance, so as to promote the high quality development of agriculture and the rural areas.
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