张英魁,徐彩勤.中国乡村精英群体的赋权机制与治理功能[J].,2022,(4):104-116
中国乡村精英群体的赋权机制与治理功能
Empowerment Mechanism and Governance Function of Rural Elite Groups in China
  
DOI:10.7671/j.issn.1672-0202.2022.04.010
中文关键词:  乡村精英  赋权机制  治理功能  乡村治理
英文关键词:rural elite  empowerment mechanism  governance function  rural governance
基金项目:国家社会科学基金一般项目(21BZZ010)
作者单位
张英魁 曲阜师范大学 马克思主义学院,山东 日照 276826 
徐彩勤 曲阜师范大学 马克思主义学院,山东 日照 276826 
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中文摘要:
      回顾中国乡村治理的历史可以发现,乡村精英群体的比较优势并非纯粹主体性的,不同时期存在不同的使之具有这种比较优势的赋权机制。传统社会的系统性赋权,使这一群体构成多元,治理功能强大;近代社会传统的赋权机制处于解构与重构过程中,使之呈现出混杂式的群体样态,其中经济精英治理功能凸显而政治精英式微;在社会主义革命和建设时期,单一的政治赋权机制使无产阶级政治精英成为主导,乡村治理呈现出典型的统治与管理特征;在改革开放新时期,新型复合式精英群体重又出现, 并承担了系统的乡村治理功能;新时代承袭了上一阶段的赋权机制,“新乡贤”的政策话语为精英群体打造注入了动力,其治理功能处于新的建构之中。在推进乡村治理现代化的进程中,如欲充分发挥乡村精英的治理功能,优化当前精英赋权机制应成为一个努力方向。
英文摘要:
      Reviewing the history of Chinese rural governance, we find that the comparative advantage of rural elite group is not purely subjective, and has different empowerment mechanisms in different historical periods. The systematic empowerment of traditional society makes the group composition stable and governance powerful. The empowerment mechanism of modern society is in the process of deconstruction and reconstruction, which makes the elite group be in a hybrid group state. During the period of socialist revolution and construction, the single political empowerment mechanism made the political elite the dominant, and the rural governance showed typical characteristics of governance and management. In the new era of reform and opening up, the new compound elite group reappeared and assumed the systematic function of rural governance. In the new era, the empowerment mechanism has been continued, the policy discourse of “new township sages” has injected impetus into the elite reconstruction, however, the new empowerment mechanism has not been effectively established, and its governance function is also in adjustment. In the process of rural governance modernization, to give full play to the governance function of rural elites, optimizing the current elite empowerment mechanism should be a striving direction.
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