刘涛,周红瑞.农村高质量发展的区域差异与动态演进[J].,2022,(6):1-11
农村高质量发展的区域差异与动态演进
Regional Differences and Dynamic Evolution of   High-quality  Rural Development in China
  
DOI:10.7671/j.issn.1672-0202.2022.06.001
中文关键词:  高质量发展  新发展理念  时空格局  区域差异
英文关键词:high-quality development  new development concept  spatiotemporal patterns  regional differences
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目(18CJY030)
作者单位
刘涛 河南理工大学 财经学院,河南 焦作 45400 
周红瑞 河南理工大学 财经学院,河南 焦作 45400 
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中文摘要:
      基于新发展理念视角构建中国农村高质量发展评价指标体系,运用熵值法、Dagum基尼系数和核密度估计分析 2014—2020年中国农村高质量发展的区域差异、差异来源及其动态演进规律。研究发现:(1)中国农村高质量发展水平稳步增长,其增长主要得益于农村创新发展和绿色发展,而受制于开放发展、协调发展和共享发展。其空间格局呈现出东部地区高速发展、中部地区发展“塌陷”和西部地区快速追赶态势。(2)农村高质量发展的区域差异主要源于区域间差异,但区域间差异的贡献率呈下降趋势,区域内差异和超变密度的贡献率有所上升。具体来看,区域间差异主要源于中西部与东部的差异,区域内差异主要源于居高不下的东部地区内部差异。(3)核密度估计显示,全国及东中西三大区域的农村高质量发展水平不断提升,东部、中部和西部地区农村高质量发展的离散程度有所扩大,多极分化特征持续显现。
英文摘要:
      Based on the perspective of new development concepts, an evaluation index system for high-quality rural development in China was constructed, the entropy method, DagumGini coefficient and kernel density estimation were used to analyze the regional differences, sources of differences and dynamicevolution law of high-quality rural development in China from 2014 to 2020. The results show that:(1)the level of high-quality rural development has increased steadily. Its spatial pattern shows the rapid development of the eastern region, the “collapse” of development in the central region, and the rapid catch-up of the western region. (2)The regional differences in high-quality rural development in China is mainly due to the difference between regions, but the contribution rate of the difference between theregions shows a downward trend, and the contribution rate of the difference within the region and the hypervariable density has increased. Specifically, the inter-regional differences are mainly due to the differences between the Central-West and the East, and the intra-regional differences are mainly due to the internal differences in the eastern region, which remains high. (3)The kernel density estimation shows that the high-quality rural development level of the whole country and the three major regions of the east, the middle and the west continues to improve. The dispersion degree of high-quality rural development in the eastern, central and western regions has expanded, and the multi-polarization characteristics have continued to emerge.
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