马太超.“产业兴旺”的合约基础[J].,2022,(6):23-33
“产业兴旺”的合约基础
Contractual Basis for “Thriving Businesses”
  
DOI:10.7671/j.issn.1672-0202.2022.06.003
中文关键词:  合约选择  环境参数  交易者特性  交易维度  交易成本
英文关键词:agricultural contract selection  environmental parameters  trader characteristics  transaction dimensions  transaction cost
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目(17ZDA067)
作者单位
马太超 中国社会科学院 农村发展研究所,北京 100732 
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中文摘要:
      合约选择是考察经济行为的微观基础,对“产业兴旺”的分析离不开对农业合约选择过程的系统观察。构建由环境参数、交易者特性和交易维度 3个层次的分析变量所组成的分析框架,能够全面考察现代农业发展过程中合约选择的经济逻辑。环境参数是合约选择的逻辑起点,在既定制度安排下作为宏观背景影响农业合约选择;交易者特性指交易参与人具有的经济和社会属性,是合约选择的能动因素,与环境参数相互作用共同影响农业缔约结构;交易维度用以刻画一项具体交易所具有的特征。3个层面的因素相互作用共同决定交易属性,进而决定交易成本。有效的农业合约便是在给定环境参数、交易者特性和交易维度的情况下将交易成本最小化的合约。交易属性与合约安排的最佳匹配是乡村“产业兴旺”的关键。
英文摘要:
      Contract selection is the micro foundation in analyzing economic behavior. So the analysis of “thriving businesses” is inseparable from the inspection on agricultural contracts selection. This paper constructs a framework composed of three types of variables including environmental parameters, trader characteristics and transaction dimensions to comprehensively examine the economic logic of agricultural contract selection. Environmental parameters are the starting points for contractselection; they act as a macro background to influence the choice of agricultural contracts under the established institution;Trader characteristics refer to the economic and social attributes of transaction participants. They are the driving factorsinteracting with environmental parameters to affect the contract structure; the transaction dimensions are used to describe the characteristics of a specific transaction. The interaction of these three variables together determines the transaction attributes, which in turn determines the transaction costs. An effective contract is the one that minimizes transaction costs given the above variables. The best match between transaction attributes and contract arrangements is the key to thriving businesses.
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