张桂金.双向赋权与农民工入户策略[J].,2022,(6):56-65
双向赋权与农民工入户策略
Double Empowerment and the Citizenship Strategy for Migrant Workers
  
DOI:10.7671/j.issn.1672-0202.2022.06.006
中文关键词:  双向赋权  农民工  一家两户  市民化  保底竞优
英文关键词:double empowerment  migrant workers  one family two hukou  citizenization  minimum guarantee and competing for the best
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(17BSH019)
作者单位
张桂金 广东省社会科学院,广东 广州 510635 
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中文摘要:
      以广东省 Z市为例,采用混合研究法,从双向赋权角度对农民工入户策略进行了分析。研究发现,部分农民工采取了“一家两户”的入户策略,而这一选择是农民工在城乡推拉力共同作用下“保底竞优”的策略选择。城市通过居住证制度赋权农民工享有基本公共服务,降低了入户带来的城市福利效应,形成了入户的推力效应;但基本公共教育资源的短缺,迫使农民工家庭通过入户来竞逐有限资源,又形成了入户的拉力效应。国家通过乡村振兴、城乡一体化等制度化赋权方式,使农村居民在基本公共服务上与城市地区越趋接近,降低了农村的推力效应;与此同时,农村土地仍具有风险规避功能,农民以保留农村户口确保土地权利的延续、土地的升值以及规避城市风险,提升了农村的拉力效应。
英文摘要:
      Taking Z city of Guangdong Province as an example and using the mixed research method,this article discusses thecitizenization strategyof migrant workers from the perspective of double empowerment.The research finds that some migrant workers chose the “one family two hukou” strategy, to guarantee the minimum and compete for the best under the co-action of region′s push and pull forces. On the one hand, the urban empowers migrant worker to enjoy some basic public services through the residence certification system while lowering the urban welfare effects of permanent urban residence certificate, thus forming the pushing power effect;While on the one hand, due to the shortage of compulsory education resources,migrant workersare compelled tocompete for limited resources by getting urbanhukou, which forms the pulling force effect. Rural residents are getting closer to urban residents in terms of basic public services through empowerment on rural revitalization, urban-rural integration policies, and lowered the rural pushing effects; and in the meanwhile, rural collective land still has risk aversion function, and farmers still keep the rural household registration to ensure the land continuance, land up-valuation and thus avoiding urban risks and increasing rural pushing effects.
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