李辉.农村自我养老的制度配置及其社会功能[J].,2022,(6):114-124
农村自我养老的制度配置及其社会功能
System Configuration and Social Function of Rural Self-Support
  
DOI:10.7671/j.issn.1672-0202.2022.06.011
中文关键词:  农村自我养老  老人农业  社会保障  农地制度  乡村振兴
英文关键词:rural self-support  agriculture for the elderly  social security  agricultural land system  rural revitalization
基金项目:司法部法治建设与法学理论研究部级科研项目重点课题(21SFB1002)
作者单位
李辉 中南财经政法大学 1.法治发展与司法改革研究中心 国家治理学院,湖北 武汉 43007 
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中文摘要:
      乡村振兴背景下,农村自我养老呈现出扎根中国大地、承载国家制度体系与资源配置的显著特征。农村集体成员权、农地制度、社会保障制度、乡村秩序以及乡村自组织共同构成自我养老的制度配置,彰显其在提升老人自养水平、协调老人自养与家庭发展、稳固国家乡村蓄水池等方面的社会功能。 然而,在我国农村养老体系及其实践中,仍存在忽视自我养老价值功能、制度体系配置不完善等瓶颈问题。推进“以人为本”中国式农村现代化,须在构建包括自我养老在内多元养老体系的同时,从优化集体成员权、创新农地制度、细化社会保障制度、发展社会自组织四个方面寻求突破。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of rural revitalization, the features of rural self-care pattern has deeply rooted in the land of China and carried the national system and resource allocation. Rural collective membership, social security system, rural land system, rural self-organization and rural order together constitute the system configuration of self-care, and show its diverse social functions in areas of improving the level of self-care for the elderly, coordinating the elderly self-care and family development, stabilizing the national economic and social development. However, there are still some bottleneck problems in rural elderly care practice such as neglecting the function of self-supporting and the imperfection of the system allocation. To promote the “people-oriented” Chinese rural modernization, we must adhere to the construction of multi-pension system including self-pension, and at the same time, optimize the collective-member rights, innovate the agricultural land system, refine the social security system, stabilize the village order, and develop social self-organization and seek breakthroughs in the above-mentioned four aspects.
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