代际差异:农民家庭现代化转型实践与调适
Intergenerational differences: Practice and adjustment of modernization transformation of peasant families
投稿时间:2021-11-30  修订日期:2022-03-06
DOI:
中文关键词:  现代化转型  家庭转型  家风建设  半工半耕  代际差异  
英文关键词:modernization transformation  Family transition  Family style construction  Half working and half ploughing  Generational differences.
基金项目:国家社会科学基金青年项目“新时代农民家庭代际合作育儿模式研究”(21CSH030)
作者单位邮编
朱云 武汉大学社会学院 430072
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中文摘要:
      中国社会现代化转型背景下,农村家庭从传统简单再生产进入现代复杂再生产,农民家庭代际差异显现。西方家庭现代化理论认为工业化以来的经济生产变革促成家庭的个体本位。然而,中国农民家庭代际差异表现出的父子代际生活模式不同,实质上区别于西方家庭的独立化趋向,具有“分”与“合”的双重面向,表现为代际间分“工”合作、“分”中有“合”、形“分”实“合”的家庭现代化转型实践,促成家庭资源优化、权力结构重塑和价值观念再造。中国家庭代际差异凝合家庭现代化转型策略的同时也蕴藏着潜在风险。基于此,在家庭现代转型和家庭扩大化再生产的张力下,中国家庭代际差异重新组织了家庭,弹性的家庭代际差异制度使农民在城乡社会流动中具有充足韧性和保障。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of China's social modernization, rural families have changed from traditional simple reproduction to modern complex reproduction, and the differences between generations of peasant families have emerged. The western theory of family modernization holds that the transformation of economic production since industrialization contributes to the individual family orientation. However, Chinese peasant family inter-generational differences of father and son generation life style is different, essentially different from western families of retrieval trend, has a "points" and "close" the double face, show the generational cooperation between points "workers" and "points" are "close", form "points" real "or" family practice modernization transformation, Promote the optimization of family resources, power structure and value concept reconstruction. While the intergenerational difference of Chinese families conflates the family modernization transformation strategy, it also contains potential risks. Based on this, under the tension of modern family transformation and reproduction of family enlargement, the family intergenerational difference in China reorganizes the family, and the flexible system of family intergenerational difference enables farmers to have sufficient resilience and security in urban and rural social mobility.
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