中国乡村振兴水平的地区差距及动态演进
The Regional Disparity and Dynamic Evolution of China"s Rural Revitalization Level
投稿时间:2021-12-08  修订日期:2022-03-07
DOI:
中文关键词:  乡村振兴  地区差距  动态演进  Dagum基尼系数  Kernel核密度估计
英文关键词:Rural Revitalization  Regional Disparity  Dynamic Evolution  Dagum Gini Coefficient  Kernel Density Estimation
基金项目:国家社科基金重大项目 “二元经济转型视角下中国新型城乡关系的构建研究”(21ZDA053)。
作者单位邮编
王青 辽宁大学 经济学院 110136
刘亚男 辽宁大学 经济学院 110136
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中文摘要:
      基于2009-2019年30省面板数据构建中国乡村振兴水平指标体系,运用熵权法、Dagum基尼系数法、Kernel核密度估计方法,系统探究了中国乡村振兴水平的地区差距及动态演进特征。研究表明:全国及三大区域的乡村振兴水平显著提升。从平均水平来看,东部最大,中部居中,西部最小。从增速来看,西部最大,中部居中,东部最小。总体差距、区域内和区域间差距均呈显著下降趋势。从区域内差距来看,西部最大,东部居中,中部最小。从区域间差距来看,东-西间差距最大,东-中间差距居中,中-西间差距最小。总体差距的主要来源为区域间差距,其次是区域内差距,最后是超变密度。从动态演进来看,全国及三大区域的差距逐渐变小,全国和东部不存在极化现象,中部极化现象得到改善,西部极化现象逐渐突出。提升中西部地区乡村振兴水平、缩小区域间差距成为推动乡村振兴协调发展的重要途径。
英文摘要:
      Based on the panel data of 30 provinces from 2009 to 2019, construct an indicator system of China's rural revitalization level,use the entropy weight method, the Dagum Gini coefficient method, and the Kernel density estimation method to explore the regional disparities and dynamic evolution characteristics of China's rural revitalization level systematically. The research shows that the rural revitalization level of the whole country and the three regions has been significantly improved. On average, the east is the largest, the middle is in the middle, and the west is the smallest. From the perspective of growth rate, the west is the largest, the middle is in the middle, and the east is the smallest. Overall disparities, intra-regional and inter-regional disparities have all shown a significant downward trend. From the perspective of intra-regional disparity, the west is the largest, the east is the middle, and the middle is the smallest. From the perspective of the inter-regional disparity, the disparity between east and west is the largest, the gap between east and middle is in the middle, and the gap between middle and west is the smallest. The main source of the overall disparity is the inter-regional disparity, followed by the intra-regional disparity, and finally the hypervariable density. From the perspective of the dynamic evolution, the disparity between the whole country and the three major regions has gradually narrowed, the polarization phenomenon does not exist in the whole country and the eastern region, the polarization phenomenon in the central region has been improved, and the polarization phenomenon in the western region has gradually become prominent. Improving the level of rural revitalization in the central and western regions and narrowing the inter-regional disparity has become an important way to promote the coordinated development of rural revitalization.
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