乡村治理现代化水平评价——基于多个村庄的实证
Construction and Typical Application of Evaluation Index System of Rural Governance Modernization in China
投稿时间:2021-12-14  修订日期:2022-04-29
DOI:
中文关键词:  乡村治理  现代化  评价指标体系  比较分析  村庄  乡村振兴
英文关键词:rural governance  modernization  governance modernization  evaluation index system  rural vitalization
基金项目:国家社科基金
作者单位邮编
冯献 北京市农林科学院信息技术研究中心 100097
李瑾 北京市农林科学院信息技术研究中心 100097
孙宁 北京市农林科学院信息技术研究中心 
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中文摘要:
      乡村治理现代化是国家治理现代化的重要内容,构建科学的乡村治理现代化评价体系并对不同类型村庄进行评价比较分析,可为各地合理规划乡村治理现代化分类推进路径提供理论指导。基于综合评价指标体系法,构建了包含基础能力支撑现代化、公共服务治理现代化、公共事务治理现代化、公共安全治理现代化以及环境治理现代化5个评估维度,36个具体指标的乡村治理现代化评价体系,以21个典型村庄为例进行了评价比较。研究结果显示,12个典型村庄基本实现治理现代化,其余均处于发展阶段;分指标看,环境治理现代化与公共安全治理现代化处于较高水平,而公共服务治理现代化水平是乡村治理现代化的最突出短板,基础能力支撑现代化与公共事务治理现代化水平相当;分村庄类型看,城郊融合类与特色保护类村庄治理短板在于公共服务治理,集聚提升类与拆迁撤并类村庄短板在于基础能力支撑,各地未来在推进乡村治理现代化进程中要结合自身优势短板精准发力。
英文摘要:
      Rural governance modernization is an important part of national governance modernization. Building a scientific evaluation system of rural governance modernization and comparing different types of villages evaluations which can provide theoretical guidance for the reasonable planning of classified promotion path in rural governance modernization. Based on the comprehensive evaluation index system method, this paper constructed a rural governance modernization evaluation system with five evaluation dimensions index which including basic capacity support modernization, public service governance modernization, public affairs governance modernization, public security governance modernization and environmental governance modernization, and 36 specific indicators. Taking 21 typical villages as examples, the evaluation index system was applied in a pilot basis. Results show that 12 typical villages have basically realized the modernization of governance, and the rest are in the development stage. In terms of sub indicators, the modernization of environmental governance and public security governance are at a high level, while the modernization of public service governance is the most prominent short board of rural governance, and the modernization of basic capacity support is equivalent to the modernization of public affairs governance. According to the evaluation of different types villages, the governance weaknesses of suburban integration villages and characteristic protection villages lie in public service governance, and the governance weaknesses of agglomeration promotion villages and demolition-merger villages lie in the support of basic capacity. In the future, all localities should make precise efforts in combination with their own advantages in promoting the modernization of rural governance.
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