务工与电商:乡村“数字化家计”的形成
Workers and e-commerce:the formation of rural“digital householding”
投稿时间:2022-04-20  修订日期:2022-09-04
DOI:
中文关键词:  数字乡村建设  数字化家计  家计模式  乡村振兴
英文关键词:digital rural construction  digital householding  householding model  rural revitalization
基金项目:国家社会科学基金重大项目“实施数字乡村建设行动研究” (21ZDA057)
作者单位邮编
夏当英 安徽大学社会与政治学院 230601
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中文摘要:
      在乡村向城市的人口转移中,乡村家庭主要体现为离散型家庭结构,并形成了“半工半耕”的家计模式。农村青壮年劳动力返乡创业,乡村出现家庭成员均居住在村庄的扎根型家庭结构,在家计上主要为就近务工或经商模式。国家助力的“数字乡村建设”,为乡村振兴和小农家计的转变带来新的契机,尤其基于电商业的数字化家计模式逐渐兴起。数字化家计主要以有丰富务工经验的返乡创业青壮年为主导,其初步成功得益于国家政策、亲代奉献及各种社会强弱关系。在一些不发达地区,数字化家计尚在起步阶段,农户如能够合理运用人力资本、社会网络、务工经验,并且相关制度能够切实落地与嵌入得当,数字化家计将对优化家庭和村庄结构有着积极的意义。
英文摘要:
      In the population transfer to the city, rural families are mainly reflected in the discrete family structure, and a family planning model of “ half work and half farming ” is formed. In recent years, young and middle-aged labors have returned home to start their own businesses. In rural areas, family members are living in the village 's root-based family structure, mainly in the near-working or business model. The state-assisted ' digital rural construction ' has brought new opportunities for rural revitalization and the transformation of small-scale peasant household, especially the digital household model based on electronic commerce. The digital householding is mainly dominated by young and middle-aged returning home entrepreneurs with rich working experience. Its initial success is due to national support, parental dedication and various social relationships. My research object is a digital underdeveloped village, digital householding is still in its infancy. If farmers can reasonably use human capital, social network, work experience, and relevant systems can be effectively implemented and embedded properly, digital householding will have a positive significance for optimizing the family and village structure.
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