村民参与村治事务的逻辑及其关系结构
The Logic and Relationship Structure of Villagers’ Participate in Village Governance Affairs
投稿时间:2022-04-20  修订日期:2022-09-03
DOI:
中文关键词:  基层治理 村民参与 村治组织 村民集体行动
英文关键词:Grass Roots Governance  Villagers' Participation  Village Governance Organization  Villagers’ Collective Action
基金项目:中国社会科学院创新工程项目“基层共建共治共享治理制度完善研究”(2021NFSB01)中国社会科学基金青年项目“智慧医疗可及性的框架构建、指标测度与影响因素研究”(21CGL047)
作者单位邮编
刘津 中国社会科学院农村发展研究所 100732
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中文摘要:
      在实地调查中发现,村民参与村治事务不足并同时存在积极与消极两种矛盾性的行动态度。分析认为,村民两种矛盾性的行动态度其实遵循统一的行动逻辑:利益最大化逻辑、合法性逻辑和道义性逻辑。这三种逻辑在历史和现实因素的作用下使得村民与村治组织之间形成了“强管理,弱互动”的关系结构。这种呈锁定状态的关系结构不利于农村治理制度建设、农村基本公共服务的供给以及村民对基层治理组织的信任维系,也导致了村民在村治当中的参与不足。为破解困境,需要从村民的根本利益出发,保障村民合法财产和相关利益,用发展的眼光持续地推进农村治理方面的改革。
英文摘要:
      In the field investigation, we found that there are two contradictory attitudes of action, positive and negative, when villagers participate in village affairs. After analysis, it is believed that the villagers’ two contradictory action attitudes have unified action logic: the logic of maximizing interests, the logic of legitimacy and the logic of morality. Under the influence of historical and practical factors, these three logics have formed a relationship structure of "strong management and weak interaction" between villagers and village governance organizations. This locked relationship structure is not conducive to the construction of rural governance system, the supply of rural basic public services and the maintenance of villagers’ trust in grass-roots governance organizations, but also leads to the insufficient participation of villagers in village governance. In order to solve the dilemma, In order to solve the dilemma, we need to proceed from the fundamental interests of the villagers, protect the legitimate property and related interests of the villagers, and continue to promote the reform of rural governance from the perspective of development.
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