基于农户生计脆弱性视角的防返贫应对策略研究
Research on Coping Strategies for Preventing and Returning to Poverty Based on the Perspective of Farmers
投稿时间:2022-06-14  修订日期:2022-09-05
DOI:
中文关键词:  生计资本 风险暴露 脆弱性 防返贫
英文关键词:livelihood capital risk exposure vulnerability anti-poverty
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目“精准帮扶过程中道德风险的形成机理及规避研究”(项目编号:72063029);教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目“精准扶贫过程中逆向选择、道德风险的形成机理及规避措施研究”(项目编号:18XJA790009)
作者单位邮编
张永丽 西北师范大学 730070
陈建仲 西北师范大学 730070
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中文摘要:
      本研究以农户可持续发展能力建设为研究内容,基于生计脆弱性分析框架,使用甘肃2016和2021年两期调查数据考察了农户在脱贫前后生计资本、暴露风险与生计脆弱性的变化。研究结果表明,农户的生计资本在精准扶贫后有了较大的提升,特别是人力资本、物质资本、金融资本等维度的提升幅度较大,贫困户的生计资本增长幅度高于非贫困户,二者之间的差距明显缩小。农户的健康风险和自然风险下降,但市场风险和突发事件有所上升。农户的生计脆弱性整体有了较为显著的下降,绝大部分农户处于较低脆弱性位次,但有近8.43%的农户脆弱性程度比较高,属于易返贫人群,应高度关注、及时预警,并制定一系列精准应对措施。
英文摘要:
      This research focuses on the sustainable development capacity building of farmers, based on the framework of livelihood vulnerability analysis, and uses the survey data of Gansu in 2016 and 2021 to investigate the changes of farmers"" livelihood capital, exposure risks and livelihood vulnerability before and after poverty alleviation. The research results show that the livelihood capital of farmers has been greatly improved after targeted poverty alleviation, especially in the dimensions of human capital, physical capital, and financial capital. The gap between poor farmers and the non-poor farmers has narrowed significantly. Farmers"" health risks and natural risks have declined, but market risks and emergencies have risen. The overall livelihood vulnerability of farmers has decreased significantly. Most farmers are in the low vulnerability ranking, but nearly 8.43% of farmers have a relatively high degree of vulnerability. They belong to people who are prone to return to poverty. They should pay close attention and give early warning. and formulate a series of precise countermeasures.
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