农村自我养老的制度配置及其社会功能
System Configuration and Social Function of Rural Self-Support
投稿时间:2022-07-19  修订日期:2022-11-03
DOI:
中文关键词:  农村自我养老  老人农业  社会保障  农地制度  乡村振兴
英文关键词:Rural self-support  agriculture for the elderly  social security  agricultural land system  rural revitalization
基金项目:司法部法治建设与法学理论研究部级科研项目重点课题“习近平法治思想对推进国家治理体系和治理能力现代化的重大指导作用研究”(21SFB1002);教育部办公厅首批新文科研究与改革实践项目“经管法领域新文科建设实践——以社会治理法学‘三大体系’建设为例”(2021140097)
作者单位邮编
李辉 中南财经政法大学 430000
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中文摘要:
      乡村振兴背景下,农村自我养老呈现出扎根中国大地、承载国家制度体系与资源配置的显著特征。农村集体成员权、社会保障制度、农地制度、乡村自组织以及乡村秩序共同构成自我养老的制度配置,进而在提升老人自养水平、协调老人自养与家庭发展、稳固国家乡村蓄水池等方面彰显社会功能。然而,在我国农村养老体系及其实践中,仍存在忽视自我养老价值功能、制度体系配置不完善等瓶颈问题。推进“以人为本”中国式农村现代化,须在构建包括自我养老在内多元养老体系的同时,从优化集体成员权、创新农地制度、细化社会保障制度、发展社会自组织四个方面寻求突破。
英文摘要:
      Under the background of rural revitalization, rural self-care has taken root in the land of China and carried the national system and resource allocation. Rural collective membership, social security system, rural land system, rural self-organization and rural order together constitute the system configuration of self-care, and then in improving the level of self-care for the elderly, coordinating the elderly self-care and family development, stabilizing the national economic and social development and other aspects of diverse social functions. However, there are still some bottleneck problems in practice such as neglecting the function of self-supporting and the imperfection of the system allocation. To promote the "people-oriented" Chinese rural modernization, we must adhere to the construction of multi-pension system including self-pension, and at the same time, optimize the collective member rights, innovate the agricultural land system, refine the social security system, stabilize the village order, and develop social self-organization to seek breakthroughs in five aspects.
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