双向赋权与农民工的入户策略
Double Empowerment and the Formation of "One Family two Hukou" Citizenship Strategy for Migrant Workers
投稿时间:2022-07-27  修订日期:2022-10-31
DOI:
中文关键词:  双向赋权  农民工  一家两户  市民化  保底竞优
英文关键词:double empowerment  migrant workers  one family two hukou  citizenization  keeping the minimum and competing for the best
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目
作者单位邮编
张桂金 广东省社会科学院 510635
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中文摘要:
      以广东省Z市为例,采用混合研究法,从双向赋权角度对农民工入户策略进行了分析。研究发现,部分农民工采取了“一家两户”的入户策略,而这一选择是农民工在城乡推拉力共同作用下“保底竞优”的策略选择。城市通过居住证制度赋权农民工享有基本公共服务,降低了入户带来的城市福利效应,形成了入户的推力效应;但基本公共教育资源的短缺,迫使农民工家庭通过入户来竞逐有限资源,又形成了入户的拉力效应。国家通过乡村振兴、城乡一体化等制度化赋权方式,使农村居民在基本公共服务上与城市地区越趋接近,降低了农村的推力效应;与此同时,农村土地仍具有风险规避功能,农民以保留农村户口确保土地权利的延续、土地的升值以及规避城市风险,提升了农村的拉力效应。
英文摘要:
      At present, a phenomenon of "one family two hukou" appears in Chinese cities, that is, the husband or wife of a family with their children get urban household registration, while the other keeps the rural household registration. Taking Z city of Guangdong Province as an example and using the mixed research method, this article discusses this phenomenon from the perspective of double empowerment. It’s found that this phenomenon is the strategic choice of migrant workers to keep the minimum and compete for the best under the action of both region’s push and pull. On the one hand, the implementation of the residence permit system reduces the welfare effects of urban household registration to migrant workers, but the lack of compulsory education makes migrant workers' families compete for limited resources by getting urban hukou. On the other hand, rural residents are empowered to get closer to urban residents in terms of basic public services through the rural revitalization strategy and the urban-rural integration policy, meanwhile peasants can keep rural household registration to ensure land rights since rural collective-land has both the function of risk aversion and the increasingly prominent property function. "One family two hukou " is the strategic choice of some migrant workers to "keep the minimum and compete for the best" in the institutional context,by which migrant workers can not only retain the rural land contract right as a guarantee to cope with risks and pursue future earnings, but also compete for urban superior educational resources.
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