The initial results of the investigation on the vascular plant: resources of Ping Yuan County, Guangdong Province, are reported In this paper. There were found 183 families, 613 genera, 1182 species of vascular plants. A-mong them, there were I new species, 1 new variety and 23 precious, rare and endangered species. All sorts of economic plants were also analysed and described. It was concluded that the families with the most medicinal plants were more or less the same to the families with most species, the families with the most timber species were more or less the same as the typical families of the flora. The species which could be exploited and used were discussed too.