不同化蛹基质对普通大蓟马蛹期、羽化率及性比的影响
作者:
作者单位:

作者简介:

通讯作者:

基金项目:

广东省科技计划项目(2015A020209132);广州市科技计划项目(201807010019);中国热带农业科学院基本科研业务费专项(1630042017025)


Influences of different putation substrate on pupae development period, eclosion rate and sex ratio of Megalurothrips usitatus (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)
Author:
Affiliation:

Fund Project:

  • 摘要
  • |
  • 图/表
  • |
  • 访问统计
  • |
  • 参考文献
  • |
  • 相似文献
  • |
  • 引证文献
  • |
  • 资源附件
    摘要:

    目的 研究沙子、蛭石、锯末、厨房用纸对普通大蓟马Megalurothrips usitatu羽化率的影响。方法 以沙子、蛭石、锯末和厨房用纸为基质,其中沙子、蛭石和锯末分别设置3个湿度,进行普通大蓟马羽化的室内试验,观察并记录每日成虫羽化数。结果 普通大蓟马在厨房用纸中的羽化率最高,为54.33%,其次为含水量(w)5%的沙子,羽化率为44.67%,在蛭石中的羽化率最低;在含水量(w)5%的沙子中蛹历期最短,为5.29 d,其次为含水量(w)7%的沙子,为6.01 d,其他基质中的蛹历期无明显差异;在w为30%的蛭石中羽化性比(雄性∶雌性)最高,为0.60,其次为25%的蛭石,性比为0.48。结论 本试验条件下,厨房用纸最适用于普通大蓟马室内饲养的化蛹基质。

    Abstract:

    Objective To investigate the effects of sand, vermiculite, sawdust, kitchen paper on the eclosion rate of Megalurothrips usitatus.Method Sand, sawdust and vermiculite, all with three moisture levels, and kitchen paper were used as growth substrates for M. usitatus pupation in laboratory experiments. The number of emerged insects were observed and recorded daily.Result The highest eclosion rate (54.33%) was observed for M. usitatus in kitchen paper, followed by 44.67% in sand with 5% water content, and the lowest eclosion rate was recorded in vermiculite treatment. The shortest pupa developmental period (5.29 d) was observed for M. usitatus in sand with 5% water content, followed by 6.01 d in sand with 7% water content. The highest male-female ratio (0.60) was observed for M. usitatus in vermiculite with 30% water content, followed by 0.48 in vermiculite with 25% water content.Conclusion Kitchen paper is the most suitable pupation substrate for M. usitatus under current laboratory conditions.

    参考文献
    相似文献
    引证文献
引用本文

杨波,王晓双,周镇,唐良德,吴建辉.不同化蛹基质对普通大蓟马蛹期、羽化率及性比的影响[J].华南农业大学学报,2019,40(4):47-51

复制
分享
文章指标
  • 点击次数:
  • 下载次数:
历史
  • 收稿日期:2018-08-20
  • 最后修改日期:
  • 录用日期:
  • 在线发布日期: 2019-07-11